How To Diagnose and Treat a Medial Meniscus Tear

How To Diagnose and Treat a Medial Meniscus Tear

The meniscus is a C-shaped piece of cartilage that works to cushion, stabilize and lubricate the joint space. As we get older, these pieces of cartilage degenerate and often develop tears. When the meniscus tears, the damaged part will move into an abnormal position inside the joint and this can impede the use of the knee, can make the joint stiff and cause significant pain during movement. Continue reading to discover more about medial meniscus tear symptoms and how to treat it.
 

How Does a Meniscus Tear?

 
A torn medial meniscus generally happens in a couple of common ways. The entire rim of the meniscus can undergo a bucket handle tear where a flap is torn from the inner rim or the meniscus can have a degenerative tear where a portion is frayed or torn in multiple directions. A degenerative tear typically occurs in people who are a bit older while bucket handle tears often occur with athletes who play in racquet sports, soccer, football and basketball. This is because they often require lateral movement and during this movement, if the foot is planted incorrectly and too much force is placed against the leg, the medial meniscus can tear.
 
Generally, in people younger than 30, the meniscus is fairly tough and rubbery and a twisting force is required to tear. Older athletes may find that the torn medial meniscus is injured through overuse of the knee in their preferred sport.
 
Best Knee Braces For Meniscus Tears - Info2
 

Medial Meniscus Tear – Symptoms & Diagnosis

 
People who experience a torn medial meniscus feel a dull and constant pain around the knee when they are at rest. However, the pain changes to sharp pain when the knee is bent such as when walking. If the injury is severe then the pain can be debilitating and leave the person unable to walk. There may also be swelling in the area, although it won’t usually show up for several hours after the injury. Other symptoms include clicking or popping when the knee bends, pain, swelling and possibly the inability to move the knee at all. If you’ve experienced these symptoms but don’t remember sustaining an injury you may very well have suffered degeneration of the medial meniscus giving you the same symptoms.
 
Doctors use several criteria to diagnose a torn medial meniscus, including:

  • The patient’s history – the physician will try to determine if there was a specific injury to the affected leg, where the pain is located and how long the pain has been affecting you.
  • Physical examination – the doctor will try to determine where the pain is specifically located, if the knee locks and if there are any clicks or pops as the knee is moved about.
  • Imaging studies – MRIs will show the soft tissue damage. X-rays won’t confirm meniscus tears, however they will show other bony abnormalities that are associated with a torn medial meniscus or will at least rule out other bony issues that may cause the similar problems.

Identification and diagnosis of a torn medial meniscus is extremely important before treatment can be started.
 

Medial Meniscus Tear – Treatment Options

 
Once the doctor diagnosis a torn medial meniscus they will make recommendations about certain treatment options to improve your chances for a full recovery. These options can include:

 
 

Conclusion

 
A torn medial meniscus can sideline an athlete (or anybody else for that matter) for several weeks while the area is allowed to heal appropriately. Without the proper care and attention to this important structure of the knee, you risk the chance of never returning to your favorite physical activity. If you are ever in doubt, check with your doctor immediately.
 
 
ADDITIONAL RESOURCES
 
Cedars-Sinai: Medial and lateral meniscus Tears
http://www.cedars-sinai.edu/Patients/Health-Conditions/Medial-and-Lateral-Meniscus-Tears.aspx
 
SportsInjuryClinic: Medial Meniscus Tear
http://www.sportsinjuryclinic.net/sport-injuries/knee-pain/medial-cartilage-meniscus-injury
 

Disclaimer – I am not a doctor and I am not qualified to provide medical advice. The information about medial meniscus tear symptoms and diagnosis mentioned above was posted for informational purposes only and should not be interpreted as medical advice. Until next time!
 

Share on facebook
Facebook
Share on google
Google+
Share on twitter
Twitter
Share on linkedin
LinkedIn
Share on pinterest
Pinterest

Knee Surgery Information

About to undergo knee surgery soon? If you are looking for more information on how to prepare for it, these resources are a good start.

Read More »

4 thoughts on “How To Diagnose and Treat a Medial Meniscus Tear

  1. If you have to go for surgery… do your research and find someone competent. I had a meniscus “clean-up” type surgery 6 months ago and now I’m in more pain because a some of the cartilage was left in.

    1. Great tip Doug. You are not the first person I hear from that’s been in a worse shape after their meniscus surgery. It’s definitely not the norm since a lot of people benefit from it, however you are right, research is very important. Thanks for the feedback.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *