Common Types of Knee Surgery

Knee Surgery – What types are there and What to Expect

Nowadays, it seems like more and more people are getting some type of knee surgery. Is it because of the level of competition these days is at an all-time high and athletes are pushing themselves beyond what their bodies are capable of? Possibly. Obesity is also at an all-time high and it’s no surprise that excess weight can also push the limits of what your joints can handle.

Types Of Knee Surgery

The two most commons reasons for knee surgeries are still:  injuries and arthritis. Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease that slowly eats away and wears down the cartilage. Rheumatoid arthritis is where the knee becomes so inflamed that the cartilage becomes damaged. Some of you may think that arthritis is just a problem for older people; however  it can develop at any age. As for injuries, they can happen at any given moment however one of the most common is usually a blow to the knee during a sports-related activity. Fortunately, some damage can be repaired with some surgery.  We are going to cover some of the types of surgery that are available:

  • Synovectomy – Process where the lining of the knee is replaced, which sometimes helps reduce progression of knee problems and may also delay the need for more invasive surgery. Keep in mind that this type of surgery is only successful if the issues were caught early enough and the damage is not severe. Prolonged diagnosis or advanced injury will not likely be conducive to this type of surgery. Click HERE for more information on Synovectomy.
  • Osteotomy – Procedure where the bones are sliced and re-organized to redistribute weight. If this type of surgery is chosen, it can sometimes reduce the need for a knee replacement. Again, in order to increase the odds of success, you need to detect the problems early on. Even in more advanced cases, this surgery can prolong the need for knee replacement by up to ten years.
  • Menisectomy – Process where pieces of cartilage are taken away in order to help promote a pain free experience. This procedure is an arthroscopic process resulting in less recovery time and lowered post-operative pain. Some studies have concluded that this type of surgery can provide relief for up to five years.
  • Total knee replacement – This type of surgery is the most radical type available since you are essentially replacing the entire joint. The decision to have this done should not be taken lightly and is usually reserved for people with advanced levels of damage. It has been proven to be highly effective and can provide permanent relief from pain and stiffness, however keep in mind that the recovery time is lengthy.

In conclusion, it has been proven that surgery can be a viable option for reducing the effects of knee arthritis and/or injury; however it’s not a decision that should be taken lightly.  Visit our Post Op/Recovery Knee Brace section if you are getting ready for knee surgery and you think you might need the extra support. If you would like additional information on the topic of knee surgery, please have a look at the following book: